Language Attrition Research Archive
(LARA)
 

SECOND LANGUAGE ATTRITION


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Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen and Stringer, David (2013) The lexicon in second language attrition: What happens when the cat's got your tongue? In J. Altarriba and L. Isurin (Eds.), Memory, Language, and Bilingualism: Theoretical and Applied Approaches, 291-308. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lynne Hansen (2012) Second Language Acquistion Abroad. Brigham Young University, Hawaii.

Dominguez, Laura. (2012) Understanding interfaces: second language acquisition and native language attrition of Spanish subject realization and word order variation. Amsterdam, NL, John Benjamins 335. (Language Acquistion and language Disorders)

Schmid, M.S.& T. H. Mehotcheva. (2012) Foreign language attrition. Dutch Journal of Applied Linuistics 1(1), 102-124.

Hansen, L., Lam, K., Nufer, L. O., Rama, P., Schwaller, G., Miller, R. M. (2012) In the beginning was the word: Vocabulary learning in six mission languages. In L. Hansen (Ed.). Second Language Acquisition Abroad The LDS Missionary Experience. John Benjamins Publishing.

Hansen, L., Colver, A., Chong, W., Pereira, H., Robinson, J., Sawada., Miller, R.M (2012) The lost word: Vocabulary attrition in six mission languages. In L. Hansen (Ed.). Second Language Acquisition Abroad The LDS Missionary Experience. John Benjamins Publishing.

Albirini, A., Benmamoun, E., & Saadah, E. (2011) Grammatical features of Egyptian and Palestinian Arabic heritage speakers' oral production. 'Studies in Second Language Acquisition'.

Mehotcheva, T. (2010) After the fiesta is over: Foreign language attrition of Spanish in Dutch and German Erasmus students. Doctoral dissertation. University of Groningen. GRODIL series (86)/RECERCAT, Pompeu Fabra University.

Bardovi-Harlig, K. & Stringer, D. (2010) Variables in second language attrition: Advancing the state of the art. Studies in Second Language Acquisition. 32 (1): 1-45.

Abrahamsson, Niclas and Hyltenstam, Kenneth. (2008) The robustness of aptitude effects in near-native second language acquisition. 'Studies in second Language Acquisition' 30:481-509.

Cohen, A D (2008) Attrition in the productive lexicon of two Portuguese third language speakers. Studies in second language acquisition, 11(02), 135-149.

Bybee, J. (2008) Usage-based grammar and second language asquistion. In P. Robinson & N.C. Ellis(Eds). 'Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics and Second Language Acquistion' (216-33) New York: Routledge.

McLauchlan, Alastair (2007) The Negative L2 Climate: Understanding Attrition Among Second Language Students. Sasakawa Fellowship Fund for Japanese Language Education.

Smith, Rudy. (2007) A corpus of second language attrition data.Department of Linguistics and English Language.Brigham Young University,Provo,United States.

Major, Roy C (2007) Identifying a foreign accent in an unfamiliar language. 'Studies in Second Language Acquisition'. 29(4):539-56.

de Bot Kees, Lowie, W. and Vespoor, M. (2007) A Dynamic Sysetems Theory Approach to Second Language Ascquisition. 'Bilingualism: language Cognition' 10(1),7-12.

Benjamin J. Levy, Nathan D. Mc Veigh, Alejandra Marful and Michael C. Anderson. (2007) Inhibiting Your Native Language: the Role of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting During Second-Language Acquisition. University of Oregon and University of Salamanca, Salamance, Spain.

Sorace, Antonella. (2006) Near-nativeness. In 'The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition', Catherine G. Doughty and Michael H.Long(eds). 130-51. Oxford: Blackwell.

Lardiere, D. (2006) 'Ultimate attainment in second language acquisition: A case study' Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schmid, Monika S. (2006) Second Language attrition, in Keith Brown (ed.) 'the Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics' (74-81) Vol 11. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Robinson, Paul. (2005) Aptitude and Second Language Asquistion. 'Annual Review of Applied Linguistics'.

Murtagh, Lelia (2004) Retention of Irish Skills: A longitudinal study of a school-acquired second language, International Journal of Bilingualism, 8, 3, 279-302.

De Bot, Kees, Martens, Vanessa & Saskia Stoessel (2004) Finding residual lexical knowledge: The "Savings" approach to testing vocabulary, International Journal of Bilingualism, 8, 3, 373-382.

Hyltenstam, Kenneth, Abrahamsson Niclas (2003) Age de l'exposition initiale at niveau terminal chez les locuteurs quasi-natisfs du suedois L2. 'Acquisition et interaction en langue etrangere', 18, 99-12.

Murtagh, Lelia. (2003) Retention & attrition of Irish as a second language. PhD dissertation, University of Groningen.

Hansen, Lynne, Yukako Umeda & Melanie McKinney (2002) Savings in the Relearning of Second Language Vocabulary: The Effects of Time and Proficiency. Language Learning 52,4,653–678.

Hansen, Lynne, Yukako Umeda & Melanie McKinney (2002) Savings in the Relearning of Second Language Vocabulary: The Effects of Time and Proficiency. Language Learning 52,4,653–678

Hirai, Seiko (2002) Longitudinal L2 Attrition: A Case Study of a Japanese-English Bilingual Child. Japan Journal of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism, 8, 2, 26-57.

Gurel, Ayse. (2002) Linguistic Characteristics of second language acquisition and first language attrition: Turkish overt verus null pronouns. Ph.D thesis, McGill University Montreal.

deBot, Kees (2001, April) Language attrition: Products, processes and perceptions. In Agnes Bolonyai and Ludmilla Dutkova-Cope (Chairs). Can spiders forget how to spin spider webs? Language attrition and some unresolved questions. Symposium conducted at the Third International Symposium on Bilingualism. Bristol, U.K.

Montrul, Silvina (2001, April) Attrition in Spanish-English bilinguals in the tense/aspect domain: A view from universal grammar. Paper presented at the Third International Symposium on Bilingualism. Bristol, U.K.

Sharwood Smith, Michael A. (2001, April) The unsteady state: An SLA perspective on first language attrition. In Agnes Bolonyai and Ludmilla Dutkova-Cope (Chairs). Can spiders forget how to spin spider webs? Language attrition and some unresolved questions. Symposium conducted at the Third International Symposium on Bilingualism. Bristol, U.K.

Silva-Corvalan, Carmen (2001, April) Linguistic consequences of impoverished input in bilingual first language acquisition. In Agnes Bolonyai and Ludmilla Dutkova-Cope (Chairs). Can spiders forget how to spin spider webs? Language attrition and some unresolved questions. Symposium conducted at the Third International Symposium on Bilingualism. Bristol, U.K.

Taura, Hideyuki (2001, April) Reverse language attrition observed in Japanese returnee students' productive skills. Paper presented at the Third International Symposium on Bilingualism. Bristol, U.K.

de Bot, Kees & Vanessa Martens (2001) Savings for French as a foreign language: Long-term effects and passive/active transfer. Paper presented at the American Association of Applied Linguistics conference. St. Louis, Missouri.

Hansen, Lynne (2001) Language attrition in contexts of Japanese bilingualism. In Mary Noguchi & Sandra Fotos (eds.). Studies in Japanese bilingualism. London: Multilingual Matters.

Hansen, Lynne (2001) Language attrition: The fate of the start. In Mary McGroarty (ed.). Annual Review of of Applied Linguistics, 21. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hansen, Lynne & Yung-Lin Chen (2001) What counts in the acquisition and attrition of numeral classifiers? JALT Journal.

Schneider, Melanie (2001) Losing it: Some evidence for stages in L2 attrition in children. Paper presented at AAAL 2001, St. Louis, Missouri.

Carroll, Susanne E. (2001) 'Input and Evidence. The Raw Material of Second Language Acquisition'. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

McCormack, Bede. (2001) The Maintenance and Loss of Reflexive Anaphors in L2 English. PhD dissertation, University of Durham, UK.

Dugas, Larissa Godish. (2000, September) Attrition of pronunciation accuracy among advanced American learners of French. Paper presented at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Hansen, Lynne (2000, September) Forgotten but not gone: Extending the savings paradigm in the recovery of lost L2 vocabulary and syntax. In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposi ndumucted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Ioup, Georgette (2000, September) Age differences in forgetting a language. In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Russell, Robert (2000, September) Attrition in English native speakers' L2 production of Japanese: 10 years later.In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Russell, Robert (2000, September) Attrition in English native speakers' L2 production of Japanese: 10 years later.In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Schneider, Melanie (2000, September) Easy come easy go: A story of attrition in child SLA. Paper presented at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Lynne Hansen, Junko Tsukayama & Ryan Ottley (2000, November) Hesitation and laughter in L2 Japanese attrition. In Lynne Hansen (Chair). The L2 speech of returnees: Maintenance and attrition back home. Symposium conducted at the Japanese Association of Language Teachers conference. Tokyo.

Lee, Dami (2000, November) L2 Retention and attrition of Korean/English Bilingual Children. In Lynne Hansen (Chair). The L2 speech of returnees: Maintenance and attrition back home. Symposium conducted at the Japanese Association of Language Teachers conference. Tokyo.

Taura, Hideyuki (2000, November) The non-attrition of returnees’productive skills. In Lynne Hansen (Chair). The L2 speech of returnees: Maintenance and attrition back home. Symposium conducted at the Japanese Association of Language Teachers conference. Tokyo.

Hansen, Lynne, Yukako Umeda & Melanie McKinney (2000, March) Forgotten but not gone: The use of the savings paradigm in the recovery of L2 Japanese and L2 Korean lexical knowledge. Paper presented at the AAAL conference, Vancouver, B.C.

Hansen, Lynne, Yukako Umeda & Melanie McKinney (2000, March) Hesitation and laughter in L2 Japanese attrition. In Lynne Hansen (Chair). The L2 speech of returnees: Maintenance and attrition back home. Symposium conducted at the Japanese Association of Language Teachers conference. Tokyo.

Al-Hazemi, H (2000) Lexical attrition of some Arabic speakers of English as a foreign language: A study of word loss. TESL Journal. http://www.aitech.ac.jp/~iteslj/Articles/Al-Hazemi-Attrition/

de Bot, Kees & Saskia Stoessel (2000) In search of yesterday's words: Reactivating a long forgotten language. Applied Linguistics 21(3):364-384.

Myres -scotton C and Jake, J. (2000) Four types of morphemes: evidence from aphasia, codeswitching, and second ;anguage ascquistion. 'Linguistics', 8(6),1053-1100.

DeKeyser, R. (2000) The Robustness of critical period effects in second language acquisition. 'Studies in Second Language Acquisition'. 22 499-533.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1999c) The later stages of natural L2 attrition. In Peter Robinson (ed.). Representation and process: Proceedings of the 3rd Pacific Second Language Research Forum, Vol. 1 (pp. 309-320). Tokyo: PacSLRF'99, Aoyama University.

Russell, Robert (1999b) Lexical maintenance and attrition in Japanese as a second language. In Lynne Hansen (ed.). Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanese contexts, 114-141.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1999b) The first stage of second language attrition: A case study of a Japanese returnee. In Lynne Hansen (ed.), Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanese contexts, pp. 59-79.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1999a August) The longitudinal study of the L2 English attrition of a Japanese returnee. In Lynne Hansen & Dorit Kaufman (eds.). Language Attrition: Retrospection and Future Directions. Symposium conducted at the AILA-12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Waseda University, Tokyo.

Russell, Robert (1999a) Measuring attrition in L2 Japanese syntactic competence. In Peter Robinson (ed.). Representation and process: Proceedings of the 3rd Pacific Second Language Research Forum, Vol. 1 (pp. 297-308), Tokyo: PacSLRF'99, Aoyama University.

de Bot, Kees & Saskia Stoessel (1999, March) Finding residual lexical knowledge: The 'savings'-approach to testing vocabulary. Paper presented at the American Association of Applied Linguistics conference, Stamford, Connecticut.

Hansen, Lynne (1999, December) Language regression in bilingualism: A twenty year restrospect on second language attrition research. Plenary talk given at the conference on ‘Bilingualism: Acquisition and Attrition’, Applied Linguistics Association of Korea, Seoul.

Hansen, Lynne & Justin Shewell (1999, December) The role of alphabetic literacy in second language retention: The case of Korean. Paper presented at the conference on 'Bilingualism: Acquisition and Attrition', Applied Linguistics Association of Korea, Seoul.

Hansen, Lynne (1999, August) What we think we have learned about second language attrition. In Lynne Hansen & Dorit Kaufman (Chairs). Language Attrition: Retrospection and Future Directions. Symposium conducted at the AILA-12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Waseda University, Tokyo.

de Bot, Kees (1999) Forward. In Hansen (ed.). Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanes contexts, pp. vii-viii.

Dugas, Larissa Godish (1999) Attrition of pronunciation accuracy among advanced American learners of French. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Indiana University.

Hansen, Lynne (ed.) (1999) Second language attrition in Japanese contexts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hansen, Lynne (1999) Not a total loss: The attrition of Japanese negation over three decades. In Hansen (ed.). Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanese contexts, 142-153.

Hansen, Lynne & Ching-Fen Chantrill (1999) Literacy as a second language anchor: Evidence from L2 Japanese and L2 Chinese. In Peter Robinson (ed.). Representation and process: Proceedings of the 3rd Pacific Second Language Research Forum, Vol. 1 (pp. 279-286), Tokyo: PacSLRF'99, Aoyama University.

Hansen, Lynne & Anita Reetz-Kurashige (1999) Investigating second language attrition: An introduction. In Hansen. Second language attrition in Japanese contexts, 3-20.

Hayashi, Brenda (1999) Testing the regression hypothesis: The remains of the Japanese negation system in Micronesia. In Lynne Hansen (ed.). Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanese contexts, 154-168.

Nagasawa, Sumiko (1999) The effects of initial achievement, learning experience and classroom instruction on adult attrition/retention of L2 Japanese. In Peter Robinson (ed.). Representation and process: Proceedings of the 3rd Pacific Second Language Research Forum, Vol. 1 (pp. 287-296), Tokyo: PacSLRF'99 Aoyama University.

Reetz-Kurashige, Anita (1999) Tracking returnees’ retention of English speaking skills: Changes in verb usage over time. In L. Hansen (ed.), Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanese contexts, 21-58.

Reetz-Kurashige, Anita (1999) Kikoku shijo wa Eigo o tamotsu shiteiru ka [Are Japanese returnees maintaining their English?) in M. Yamamoto (ed.), Bairingaru no Sekai [Bilingual World]. Tokyo: Taishukan.

Yoshitomi, Asako (1999) On the loss of English as a second language by Japanese returnee children. In Lynne Hansen (ed.), Second language attrition: Evidence from Japanese contexts, .80-113.

Yukawa, Emiko (1999) An Overview of Language Attriton Studies. Japan Journalof Multilingualism and Multiculturalism, 5(1):1-13.

Hirai, Seiko (1999) Language Transfer Between English and Japanese: A Case Study of a Simultaneous English/Japanese Bilingual.Japan Journal of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism, 5,1,57-79.

Hansen, Lynne, James Gardner & James Pollard (1998) The measurement of fluency in a second language: Evidence from the acquisition and attrition of Japanese. In Brad Visgatis (ed.). JALT'97: Trends & transitions, Proceedings of the JALT 1997 International Conference on Language Teaching and Learning. Tokyo: Japan Association for Language Teaching.

Sülzer, S. (1998) Der Wiedererwerb des Englischen als Zweitsprache durch deutsche Kinder. Master's thesis, University of Kiel.

Starren, M. (1998) Phenomenes de reduction linguistique en situation d'acquisition et d'attrition d'une langue second: A la recherche des elements linguistiques les plus susceptibles de regression. CALAP, 16-17, 51-77.

Hansen, Lynne & Jesse Newbold (1997, March) Literacy as an anchor for the spoken language: Evidence from adult attriters of L2. In Dorit Kaufman & Lynne Hansen. First and Second Language Attrition Insights from Production Data. Symposium conducted at the AAAL Annual Conference. Orlando, FL (in Conference Abstracts, 77). Published in Peter Robinson (ed.). (2001). JAMS volume. Tokyo: JALT.

Hansen, Lynne & Joseph Stokes (1997) The sounds and silence of hesitation: Pause phenomena in the acquisition and attrition of L2 Japanese. In Jonathan Leather & Allan James (eds.). New Sounds ‘97: Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second-Language Speech (pp. 118-124). Klagenfurt: University of Klagenfurt.

Nakuma, C. (1997) A method for measuring the attrition of communicative competence: A pilot study with Spanish L3 subjects. Applied Psycholinguictics, 18, 219-235.

Reetz-Kurashige, Anita (1997) Tracking Japanese returnees’ English verb usage … back home. In Dorit Kaufman & Lynne Hansen (Chairs). First and Second Language Attrition Insights from Production Data. Symposium conducted at the AAAL Annual Conference, Orlando, FL (in Conference Abstracts, 77).

Tomiyama, Machiko (1997) L2 attrition and L1 influence. Colloquium ‘First and Second Language Attrition Insights from Production Data’, AAAL Annual Conference, Orlando, FL (in Conference Abstracts, 77).

Yukawa, Emiko (1997) Language Attrition from the Psycholinguistic Perspective: A Literature Review. Centre for Research on Bilingualism, Stockholm University.

Hansen, Lynne (1996, August) Fitting together the pieces: attrition curves in the longterm attrition of a second language. In Lynne Hansen (Chair). Language Attrition from Cross-disciplinary Perspectives. Symposium conducted at AILA - 11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä (in Conference Abstracts, 48).

Russell, Robert (1996, August) Hesitation and repair behavior in L2 Japanese attrition. Symposium ‘Language Attrition from Cross-disciplinary Perspectives’, AILA - 11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä (in Conference Abstracts, 48).

Fotos, Sandy & Lynne Hansen (1996) Investigating spiritualization: Noticing, processing and the function of time empirical evidence for a cognitive model. http://bahai-library.org/conferences/fotos.hansen.html

Isurin, Ludmila (1996) Foreign language loss and re-acquisition in immigration. Poster Session, AILA - 11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä (in Conference Abstracts, 116).

Tomiyama, Machiko (1996) L2 input, interaction and natural language attrition. 30th TESOL Annual Convention, Chicago, IL (in Conference Abstracts, 290).

Tomiyama, Machiko (1996) A longitudinal study of natural second language attrition: Stage II. 14th Second Language Acquisition Research Meeting, Tokyo.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1996) A process of L2 attrition: A four-year case study of a Japanese returnee', Symposium ‘Language Attrition from Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives’, AILA - 11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä (in Conference Abstracts, 48).

Yoshitomi, Asako (1996) A case study of Japanese returnee children’s loss of ESL: Methodological and theoretical suggestions for future research. Symposium ‘Language Attrition from Cross-disciplinary Perspectives. AILA - 11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä (in Conference Abstracts, 48).

de Bot, Kees & Bert Weltens (1995) Foreign language attrition. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 15, 151-164.

Moncado, A.G. (1995) Language attrition and retention among non-native speaker EFL teachers. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook.

Polinsky, Maria (1995) The grammar of language loss: cross-linguistic parallels and language-internal correlations. Paper presented at the Symposium on Language Loss, University of New Mexico.

Russell, Robert (1995) Measuring changes in productive L2 Japanese lexical competence. AAAL Annual Conference, Long Beach, CA.

Smith, Michael T. (1995) Tracking verb usage in adult speakers of Spanish as a second language: An attrition study. Unpublished master's thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1995) A longitudinal study of natural second language attrition. 29th TESOL Annual Convention. Long Beach, CA (in Conference Abstracts, 303).

Hansen-Strain, Lynne (1994) Japanese perspectives on language maintenance and loss. Paper presented at the JACET - 33rd annual conferenc of the Japan Association of College English Teachers, Omiya, Japan.

Hyltenstam, K. & Åke Viberg (1994) Progression and regression in language: sociocultural neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ishiguro, Toshiaki (1994) Two suggested threshold levels in L1 and L2 attrition processes. Studies in Humanities 12 [Tokyo: Kanagawa University].

Olshtain, Elite (1994) Metalinguistic accessibility as an indication of adult primary language attrition. Paper presented at the AAAL annual conference. Baltimore, Maryland.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1994) The psycholinguistic study of second language attrition. Bulletin of Toyo Gakuen University 2, 65-76.

Tomiyama, Machiko (1994) Longitudinal second language attrition: Case studies of Japanese returnees. 28th TESOL Annual Convention, Baltimore, MD (in Conference Abstracts, 238).

Yoshitomi, Asako (1994) The attrition of English as a second language of Japanese returnee children. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.

Grendel, Marjon, Bert Weltens & Kees De Bot (1993, August) Language attrition: Rise and fall of a research topic? Paper presented at AILA - 10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam (in Conference Abstracts, 355) [printed as Language attrition: Rise and fall of a research topic. Toegepaste Taalwetenshap in Artikelen 46/47, 59-68].

Van der Linden, Elisabeth (1993, August) Does fossilization really exist?. Paper presented at AILA - 10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam (in Conference Abstracts, 21).

Bahrick, Harry P., L.E. Bahrick, A.S. Bahrick & P.E. Bahrick (1993) Maintenance of foreign language vocabulary and the spacing effect. Psychological Science 4, 316-321.

Grendel, Marjon (1993) Verlies en herstel van lexicale kennis, PhD thesis, Nijmegen: KUN.

Hansen-Strain, Lynne (1993) The attrition of Japanese negation by English-speaking adults. Paper presented at the AILA - 10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam (in Conference Abstracts, 114).

Hansen-Strain, Lynne (1993) The study of language attrition: Korean and Japanese contexts. Paper presented at the 1st annual Korea-TESOL convention, Iri, Korea.

Polinsky, Maria (1993) Language attrition and pidgin/creole syntax. Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America and Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics, Los Angeles.

Van Ginkel, L. (1993) Fossilization and attrition in French. Paper presented at the AILA - 10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam (in Conference Abstracts, 357-358).

Weltens, Bert & Marjon Grendel (1993) Attrition of vocabulary knowledge. Studies in Bilingualism 6 (KUN) [also in Robert Schreuder & Bert Weltens (eds.). The Bilingual Lexicon. Amsterdam: John Benjamin, 135-156].

Hansen-Strain, Lynne (1992) Language loss over a break in instruction: Negation in the L2 Japanese of American high school students, Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Second Language Research in Japan (pp.123-134). Niigata: International University of Japan.

Kuhberg, Heinz (1992) Longitudinal L2-attrition versus L2-acquisition in three Turkish children - Empirical findings. Second Language Research 8(2) 138-154.

Spillner, Bernd (1992) Deutsch-italienische Interferenzen bei Sprachkontakt und Mehrsprachigkeit. In P.H. Nelde (ed.), It’s easy to mingle when you are bilingual: Bilingualism and contact linguistics. Plurilingua XIII, Bonn: Dümmler, 173-186.

Yoshitomi, Asako (1992) Towards a model of language attrition: Neurobiological and psychological contributions. Issues in Applied Linguistics 3(2), 293-318.

Carson, Joan Eisterhold & Phyllis A. Kuehn (1992) Evidence of Transfer and Loss in Developing Second Language Writers. Language Learning 42, 2, 157-182.

Hedgcock, John (1991b) Foreign language retention and attrition: a study of regression models. Foreign Language Annals 24, 43-55.

de Bot, Kees & Bert Weltens (1991a) Regression, recapitulation, and language loss. In Herbert.W. Seliger & R.M. Vago (eds.), First language attrition, 31-52.

Hedgcock, John (1991a) Foreign language retention and attrition: a study of maintenance patterns among adult learners of Spanish. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles

Brown, Cheryl. & Ray Graham (1991) Second language vocabulary acquisition and attrition. Paper presented at TESOL ‘91 annual meeting. New York, March 27, 1991.

Olshtain, E. & M. Barzelay (1991) Lexical retrieval difficulties in adult language attrition. In H. Seliger and R. Vago (ed.) First language attrition. (pp 139-150). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Larsen-Freeman, Diane and Long, Michael H. (1991) 'An Introduction to Second Language Acquisition Research' London: Longman.

Grendel, Marjon (1990, April) Attrition and reactivation of French lexical aspects, AILA - 9th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Thessaloniki (in Conference Abstracts, Vol.1, 40).

Van der Linden, Elisabeth (1990, April) Fossilization, attrition and monitor use. AILA - 9th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Thessaloniki (in Conference Abstracts, Vol.2, 490).

Gardner, Robert C. & Lysynchuk, L.M. (1990) The role of aptitude, attitudes, motivation and language use in second-language acquisition and retention. Candian Journal of Behavioral Science (3), 254-270.

Graham, C. Ray (1990) What is lost and why: A study of language attrition among fluent adult speakers of Spanish as a second language. Paper presented at Deseret Language and Linguistics Symposium, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 1990 .

Grendel, Marjon (1990) Verlies en herstel van Franse woordenkennis [Loss and recovery of French lexical knowledge], Gramma, Tijdschrift voor Taalkunde 14, 127-137.

Hansen-Strain, Lynne (1990) The attrition of Japanese by English-speaking children: an interim report. Language Sciences 12(4):367-377.

Koike, Ikuo (1990) How the Japanese children lose English as a second language. Paper presented at the AILA - 9th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Thessaloniki (in Conference Abstracts as 'How the children lose English as a second language', Vol.1, 8).

Nakazawa, Y., & Yoshitomi, A. (1990) Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo shori kate to sono sokute hoho ni tuite 2 [On the foregin language processing of returnees and its measurement 2]. In Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo hoji ni Kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho [A survey on the foreign language retention of returnees] (vol. 2), (pp. 42_52). Tokyo: Kaigai shijo kyoiku shinko zaidan [Japan Overseas Student Education Foundation].

Seya, H. (1990) Kikoku shijo no eigo shiin no onchikaku to goi sutorateji no shiyo [The perception of English consonants and use of lexical strategies by returnees]. In Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo hoji ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho [A survey on the foreign language retention of returnees] (Vol. 2), (pp. 29_41). Tokyo: Kaigai shijo kyoiku shinko zaidan [Japan Overseas Student Education Foundation].

Silva-Corvalán, Carmen (1990) Language attrition in progress - Book Review. Linguistics 28(1), 153-157.

Yoshida K. & Arai K. (1990) Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo risuningu noroyoku no hoji ni kansuru kosatsu. (On the retention of listening skills of returnees). In Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo hoji ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho ( A survey on the foreign language retention of returnees). Vol. 2, 9-28. Tokyo: Kaigai shijo kyoiku shinko zaiden (Japan Overseas Educational Services).

Vechter A., S. Lapkin & V. Argue (1990) Second language retention: a summary of the issues. The Canadian Modern Language Review. 46 (2), 189-203.

Nakazawa, Y. (1989b) Kokoku shijo no nihon kokokugo no gaigokugo iji teedo o ketteesuru yooin ni tuiteno choosa [A report on the factor that determine foreign language retention of returnees after returning to Japan.] In Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo hoji ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho [A survey on the foreign language retention of returnees] (Vol. 1), (pp. 29_59). Tokyo: Kaigai shijo kyoiku shinko zaidan [Japan Overseas Student Education Foundation].

Nakazawa, Y. (1989a) Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo shori kate to sono sokute hoho nituite [On the foreign language processing of returnees and its measurement]. In Kikoku shijo no gaikokugo hoji ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho [A survey on the foreign language retention of returnees] (Vol. 1), (pp. 820122).

de Bot, Kees (1989, October) Language attrition: competence loss or performance loss, 20. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Angewandte Linguistik, Göttingen: University of Göttingen (printed (1991), in B. Spillner (ed.), Sprache und Politik, Frankfurt - New York: Peter Lang, 63-65).

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