Language Attrition Research Archive


Publications already listed under "Language Death" until 1979 in 'Appendix B. Bibliography: Language Skill Attrition Project' by S.G. Williamson (1982:230-231), in R.D. Lambert & B.F. Freed (eds.), The Loss of Language Skills, are not included. For "A partially annotated bibliography of language death" until December 1980, see R.L. Weber (1986:5-24) in Volume 34 of Notes on Linguistics. Except where entries differ, publications listed in Weber's bibliography are not repeated below.

Order by: Year descending Year ascending Name ascending Name descending

Zentella, A.C. (1995) 'Towards an anthropolitical linguistic perspective on language shift and Spanish attrition among U.S. Latinos', Symposium "Language Loss and Public Policy", Albuquerque: Linguistic Institute, University of New Mexico.

World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) (1998) 'Language at risk', Media Development Issue 3, 58-60.

World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) (1999) The death of language: Linguicide, London: WACC.

Woolard, K.A. (1989) 'Language convergence and language death as social processes', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 355-367.

Wheeler, D. L. (1994) The death of languages. The Chronicle of Higher Education. April 20, A8, A9, A16.

Weber, G. (1990) 'Language death - the end: Scattered thoughts on the decline and fall of languages', Language International 2/5, 5-13.

Waas, Margit (1990, April) 'Theoretical aspects of language attrition, loss and shift', Institute of Language and Literature, Academy of Sciences, Tallinn, USSR.

Waas, Margit (1998) 'Taking note of language extinctinon', TESOL - Applied Linguistics Forum 18/2, 1&4-5 (also on )

Voegelin, Carl F. & F.M. Voegelin (1977) 'Is Tübatulabal de-acquisition relevant to theories of language acquisition?', IJSL 43, 333-338.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1981) Language change and language death in Albanian speech communities in Greece: a sociolinguistic study, PhD thesis, Madison: University of Wisconsin (in Dissertation Abstracts International, 42/12: 5176-A).

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1983) 'Narrative performance in a dying language. Evidence from Albanian in Greece', Word 34, 25-36.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1984) 'Functional restriction and grammatical reduction in Albanian language in Greece', Zeitschrift für Balkanologie 20, 122-131.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1999) A linguistic anthropology of praxis and language shift: Arvantika (Albanian) and Greek in contact. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Stoessel, Saskia (1997) 'Mother tongue maintenance among isolated immigrants in the US. Talk presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics in Orlando, FL.

Stoessel, Saskia (1998) The investigation of social networks as a factor in language maintenance and shift. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Boston University.

Stoessel, Saskia (1998) 'Different data components in the study of social networks with the special focus on language maintenance and shift: Evidence and discussion.' Paper presented at the Workshop on social networks and language maintenance and shift in Veldhoven, the Netherlands.

Stoessel, Saskia (1998) 'The influence of social networks on language-maintenance attitudes.' Talk presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics in Seattle, WA.

Stoessel, Saskia (2000, September) Multilingual social networks: A sociolinguistic perspective on first language attrition in immigrants. In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium to be conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Stanley, S. & R.K. Thomas (1978) 'Current demographic and social trends among North American Indians', Annals of the American Political and Social Science 436, 111-120.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (1988) Language maintenance and langauge shift among Asian Indians: Kannadigas in the NY area. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 69: 73-87.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (1993) Meaning, Means, Maintenance. In J. E. Alatis (Ed.) Language,Communication, and Social Meaning. Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 56-65.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (1997) Languages of India in NY. In O. Garcia and J.A. Fishman (Eds.), TheMultilingual Apple: Languages in NY City. Berlin: Mouton, 257-280.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (2000) At home in English: Assimilation and Adaptation of Asian Indians in the US. In S.L Mckay and Sau-Ling C. Wong, New Immigrants in the US. Cambridge University Press, 369-392.

Sridhar, Kamal & S.N. Sridhar (2000, September) Patterns of acquisition and attrition in a transplanted language: The case of Thanjavur Marathi in India. In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium to be conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Smith, C.S. (1992) The demise of Czech in two Texas communities, PhD thesis, University of Texas at Austin.

Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove (1981) 'Double semilingualism - does it exist?', in T. Skutnabb-Kangas, Bilingualism or not: The education of minorities, Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 248-263.

Simeone-Senelle, Marie-Claude (1997, July) 'Les langues sudarabiques modernes, des langues sémitiques menacées?', XVIth International Congress of Linguists, Paris: Palais des Congrès.

Schule, R. (1969, September) 'Comment meurt un patois', Colloque de dialectologie franco-provençale, IX Neuchâtel, Génève, 23-27.

Schmidt, Annette (1985a) Young people's Dyirbal: An example of language death from Australia, Cambridge: CUP.

Schmidt, Annette (1985b) 'The fate of ergativity in dying Dyirbal', Language 61/2, 378-396.

Schmidt, Annette (1987) Language in a Fijian village: An ethnolinguistic study, PhD thesis, Canberra: Australian National University.

Schmidt, Annette (1991) 'Language attrition in Boumaa Fijian and Dyirbal', in H.W. Seliger & R.M. Vago (eds.), First language attrition, 111-124.

Schmid, Monika S. (1999) Linguistic identities of German Jews in anglophone countries. La langue maternelle,Cahiers Charles V 27: 111-125.

Schmid, Monika S. () Language use and language loss of German-Jewish refugees. In Tom Ammerlaan, Madeleine Hulsen, Heleen Strating Keurentjes & Kutlay Yagmur (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Maintenance and Loss of Minority Languages (working title).

Saville-Troike, M. (1992) 'Cultural maintenance and "vanishing" languages', in C. Kramsch & S. McConnell-Ginet (eds.), Text and context: Cross-disciplinary perspectives on language study, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath & Co.

Savic, J.M. (1995) 'Structural convergence and language change: Evidence from Serbian/English code-switching', Languages in Society 24/4, 475-493.

Sasse, H.J. (1992) 'Theory of language death', in M. Brenzinger (ed.), Language death, 7-30.

Sasse, H.J. (1992) 'Language decay and contact-induced change: similarities and differences', in M. Brenzinger (ed.), Language death, 59-80.

Saltarelli, Mario (1975) 'Emigrant languages in America: Acquisition, development, and death', Studies in Language Learning 1, 186-188.

Romaine, Suzanne (1989) 'Language maintenance, shift and death', in S. Romaine, Bilingualism, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 38-50.

Robins, R.H. & E.M. Uhlenbeck (eds.) (1991) Endangered languages. Oxford and New York: Berg.

Rankin, Robert L. (1978) 'The unmarking of Quapaw phonology: A study of language death', Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics 3, 45-52.

Pye, Clifton (1992) 'Language loss among the Chilcotin', IJSL 93, 75-86 ["Loss" in this article is compared to "L death" and deals with lack of L1 acquisition].

Pons, C.R. (1990) Language death among Waldesians of Valdese, PhD thesis, Bloomington: University of Indiana.

Polinsky, M. (1995) 'The grammar of language loss: cross-linguistic parallels', Symposium "Language Loss and Public Policy", Albuquerque: Linguistic Institute, University of New Mexico.

Polinsky, M. () 'Russian in the US: An endangered language', in E. Golovko (ed.), Russian in contact with other languages, Oxford: OUP.

Pentikäinen, Juha (1991) 'Finno-Ugric Minorities in Siberia: Extinction or Survival?', Language Problems and Language Planning 15/3, 297-299.

Pelc, Linda A. (2000) Morphological & lexical attrition of Greek in Greek-English bilinguals. Paper presented at the American Association of Applied Linguistics Conference, Vancouver.

Pauwels, Anne (1986) Immigrant dialects and language maintenance in Australia. Dordrecht: Foris.

Mougeon, R. & E. Beniak (1989) 'Language contraction and linguistic change: the case of Welland French', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 287-312.

Moore, R.E. (1988) 'Lexicalization versus lexical loss in Wasco-Wishram language obsolescence', International Journal of American Linguistics 54/4, 453-468.

Mohan, Peggy R. & Paul Zador (1986) 'Discontinuity in a life cycle: The death of Trinidad Bhojpuri', Language 62/2, 291-319.

Mohan, Peggy R. (1984) 'Two faces of a language death', India International Centre Quarterly 11/2, 133-144.

Mithun, M. (1990) 'Language obsolescence and grammatical description', International Journal of American Linguistics 56/1, 114-120.

Miller, Wick R. (1971) 'The death of a language or serendipity among the Shoshoni', Anthropological Linguistics 13/3, 114-120.

Menn, Lise (1989) 'Some people who don’t talk right: Universal and particular in child language, aphasia, and language obsolescence', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 335-346.

Mehrotra, Raja Ram (1997, July) 'Endangered languages in South East Asia', Round table discussion, XVIth International Congress of Linguists, Paris: Palais des Congrès.

Matsumori, A. (1995) Ryukyuan: Past, Present and Future. In Maher and Yashiro (eds.) Multilingual Japan, 19-44.

Martin-Jones, Marilyn & Suzanne Romaine (1986) 'Semilingualism: a half-baked theory of communicative competence', Applied Linguistics 7/1, 26-38.

Maher, John (1993) Korean Language Maintenance: An Osaka Study. Pan_Asiatic Linguistics Vol. III, pp. 1440_1450.

Maher, John (1994) Shigo to iu Shinwa: Ainugo no Renaissance (The myth of language death: the Ainu Language Renaissance). Atarashii Nihonkan, Sekaikan ni mukatte: Nihon ni okeru Gengo to Bunka no Tayosei.

Maher, John (1994) ‘Kankyo Gengogaku’ (Towards an Environmental Linguistics). Atarashii Nihonkan, Sekaikan ni mukatte: Nihon ni okeru Gengo to Bunka no Tayosei.

Maher, John (1994) (with K. Kawanishi) ‘Nihon no Zainichi Korean no Gengo Iji’ (Maintaining the Korean Language in Japan). Atarashii Nihonkan, Sekaikan ni mukatte: Nihon ni okeru Gengo to Bunka no Tayosei.

Mackey, William F. & Donald G. Cartwright (1979) 'Geocoding language loss from census data', in W.F. Mackey & J. Ornstein (eds.), Sociolinguistic studies in language contact: Methods and cases, The Hague: Mouton. 69-96.

Lovejoy, Frances H. (ed.) (1991) Studies in language loss: Theoretical, intragenerational, pathological, Sydney: Holborn Press.

Loewen, Jacob A. (1968) 'Why minority languages persist or die', Practical Anthropology 15, 8-15.

Linden, E. (1991, September 23) 'Lost tribes, lost knowledge', Time (Australia) 38, 56-66.

Leets, L. & Howard Giles (1995) 'Dimensions of minority language survival/non-survival: Intergroup cognitions and communication climates', in W. Fase, K. Jaspaert & S. Kroon (eds.), The state of minority languages: International perspectives on survival and decline, Lisse: Sweets & Zeitlenger, 37-73

Larsen, N.-E. (1984) 'Statistical investigations of language death in a North Frisian community', in P.S. Ureland & I. Clarkson (eds.), Scandinavian language contacts, Cambridge: CUP.

Kulick, D. (1992) Language shift and cultural reproduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kraus, M. (1992) 'The world’s language in crisis', Language 68/1, 4-13.

Knab, T. & L. Hasson de Knab (1979) 'Language death in the valley of Puebla: A socio-geographic approach', Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistic Society 5, 471-483.

Kloss, Heinz (1984) 'Umriß eines Forschungsprogrammes zum Thema "Sprachentod"', IJSL 45, 65-76.

Kloss, H. (1966) German_American language maintenance efforts. In J. Fishman et al. Language loyalty in the United States (pp. 206_52). The Hague: Mouton.

Kinkade, M.D. (1991) The decline of native languages in Canada. Endangered languages. In R.H. Robins and E.M. Uhlenbeck (eds.).

Katsoyannou, Marianne (1997, July) 'Language shift and grammatical reduction in an endangered language: The terminal speakers of Greko (Italy)', XVIth International Congress of Linguists, Paris: Palais des Congrès.

Jancak, P. (1993) 'Survival of the Czech dialect in communities abroad: A comparison of Czech in Strelin and Daruvar', in E. Eckert (ed.), Varieties of Czech, 262-275.

Hyltenstam, Kenneth. & Åke Viberg (1994) Progression and regression in language: sociocultural,neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hyltenstam, Kenneth (ed.) (1999) Sveriges sju inhemska språk--ett minoritetsspråksperspektiv. Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Huss, L. (1999) Reversing language shift in the Far North: Linguistic revitalization in northern Scandinavia and Finland. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis: Studia Uralica Upsaliensia, 31.

Huffines, Marien L. (1989) 'Convergence and language death: The case of Pennsylvania German', Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 64, 17-23.

Huffines, Marien L. (1991) Pennsylvania German: convergence and change as strategies of discourse. In Seliger and Vago. (pp. 125_138).

Hooley, B. A. (1987) Death or life: the prognosis for central Buang. In D. C. Laycock & W. Winter (eds.). A world of languages: papers presented to Professor S. A Wurm on his 65th birthday. Pacific Linguistics, Series C_100 (pp. 275_85). Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Holmes, Janet et al. (1993) 'Language maintenance and shift in three New Zealand speech communities', Applied Linguistics 14/1.

Hock, Hans H. (1983) 'Language-death phenomena in Sanskrit: Grammatical evidence for attrition in contemporary spoken Sanskrit', Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 13/2, 21-35.

Hill, Jane H. (1978) 'Language death, language contact and language evolution', in W.C. McCormack & S.A. Wurm (eds.), Approaches to language: Anthropological Issues, The Hague: Mouton, 45-78.

Hill, Jane H. (1983) 'Language death in Uto-Aztecan', IJSL 49, 258-276.

Hill, Jane H. (1985) 'The social functions of relativization in obsolescent and non-obsolescent languages', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 369-383.

Hill, Jane H. (1993) Structure and practice in language shift. In Hyltenstam, K. & A. Viberg (eds.) Progression and regression in language: sociocultural, neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hill, J. & Hill, K. (1977) 'Language death and relexification in Tlaxcalan Nahuatl', IJSL 12, 55-69.

Haugen, Einar (1938/reprinted 1972) 'Language and immigration', in A.S. Dil (ed.) (1972), The ecology of language: Essays by Einar Haugen, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1-36.

Hamel, R.E. (1995, June) 'Language, discourse, and cultural models: Three levels of language shift and maintenance', Symposium "Language Loss and Public Policy", Albuquerque: Linguistic Institute, University of New Mexico.

Hale, Kenneth et al. (1992) 'Endangered languages', Language 68/1, 1-42.

Hagen, Anton M. & Kees de Bot (1990) 'Structural loss and levelling in minority languages and dialects', in Sociolinguistica 4, 136-149.

Grenoble, Lenore A. & Lindsay J. Whaley (1998) Endangered languages: Current issues and future prospects, Cambridge University Press.

Greene, David (1981) 'The Atlantic group: Neo-Celtic and Faroese', in E. Haugen et al. (eds.), Minority languages today: A selection from the papers read at the first international conference on minority languages held at Glasgow University from 8-13 September 1980, Edinburgh: EUP, 1-9.

Glück, Helmut (1986) 'Die Speisekarte der Sprachenfresser', Germanistische Mitteilungen 23, 3-25.

Giacalone Ramat, Anna (1983) 'Language shift and language death. A review of Nancy C. Dorian, "Language Death" and Susan Gal, "Language Shift"', Folia Linguistica XVII, 495-507.

Gambhir, Surendra K. (1983) 'Diglossia in dying languages: A case study of Guyanese Bhojpuri and Standard Hindi', Anthropological Linguistics 25, 25-28.

Gal, Susan (1979) Language shift: social determinants of linguistic change in bilingual Australia. New York: Academic Press.

Foley, W.A. (1986) The Papuan languages of New Guinea. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1964) Language maintenance and language shift as a field of inquiry: a definitionof the field and suggestions for its further development. Linguistics 9, 32_70.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1985) The rise and fall of the ethnic revival. Berlin: Mouton Publishers

Fishman, Joshua A. (1966) Language loyalty in the United States. The Hague: Mouton.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1985) 'The lively life of a "dead" language (or "everyone knows that Yiddish died long ago")', in N. Wolfson & J. Manes (eds.), The language of inequality, Amsterdam: Mouton, 207-223.

Fischer, G. (1977) 'Bemerkungen zum "Sprachtod"', Sprache und Herrschaft 1, 7-26.

Fesl, Eve D. (1987) 'Language death among Australian languages', ARAL 10/2, 12-22.

Edwards, John R. (1992) 'Sociopolitical aspects of language maintenance and loss: towards a typology of minority language situation', in W. Fase et al. (eds.), Maintenance and loss of minority languages, 37-54.

Edelsky, Carole, S. Hudelson, B. Flores, F. Barkin, B. Altwerger & K. Jilbert (1983) 'Semilingualism and language deficit', Applied Linguistics 4/1, 1-22.

Dutkova-Cope, Lida (2000) Texas Czech and ethnic identity. Pragmatics 10.1.

Dutkova, Lida (1998) Texas Czech: An ethnolinguistic study. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona at Tucson.

Dutkova, Lida (1999a) Who are Texas Czechs? Language and identity of Czech Texans today. In Michal Brody, Grit Liebscher, and Holly Ogren (eds.), SALSA IV: Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Symposium about Language and Society-Austin (pp.53-63). Austin, TX: The Department of Linguistics, University of Texas.

Dutkova, Lida (1999b) Texas Czech on Texas Czechs: An ethnolinguistic perspective on language use in a dying language community. In Alexander Levitsky and Masako Ueda Brown (eds.). Slavic contributions XI: Modern Czech studies (pp. 2-10). Providence, RI: The Department of Slavic Languages, Brown University.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1972) 'On the phonology of language death', Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society 8, 448-457.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1981) 'Language shift and language death - A protean challenge for the linguist', Folia Linguistica XV/1-2, 5-28.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1982a) 'Acceleration, retardation, and reversal in language decay?', in R.L. Cooper (ed.), Language spread: Studies in diffusion and social change, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 321-336.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1982b) 'A review of Nancy C. Dorian, "Language Death"', Language 58/2, 432-425.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1987) 'La mort de les llengües', Límits 3, 87-101.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1988a) 'Language death', in F. Newmeyer (ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey IV, Cambridge: CUP, 184-192.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1988b) 'Spracherhaltung - Sprachverfall - Sprachtod', in U. Ammon et al. (eds.), Sociolinguistics: an international handbook of the science of language and society, Vol.2, Berlin: de Gruyter, 1551-1563.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1991) 'The sociolinguistic and patholinguistic attrition of Breton phonology, morphology, and morphonology', in H.W. Seliger & R.M. Vago (eds.), First language attrition, 99-112.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1996) 'Language death', in R. Singh (ed.), Towards a critical sociolinguistics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 195-210.

Dressler, Wolfgang & Ruth Wodak-Leodolter (1977a) 'Language death', IJSL 12, Special issue on language death.

Dressler, Wolfgang & Ruth Wodak-Leodolter (1977b) 'Language preservation and language death in Brittany', Linguistics 191, 33-44.

Drapeau, L. (1990, June) 'Language change and language decay in endangered languages', Sixth Nordic Conference on Bilingualism, Vasa, Finland.

Drapeau, L. (1993, August) 'Language contraction without language shift', AILA - 10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam (in Conference Abstracts, 355).

Dorian, Nancy C. (ed.) (1989) Investigating obsolescence: Studies in language contraction and death, Cambridge: CUP.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1973) 'Grammatical change in a dying dialect', Language 49/2, 413-438.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1977) 'The problem of the semi-speaker in language death', IJSL 12, 23-32.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1978) 'The fate of morphological complexity in language death: Evidence from East Sunderland Gaelic', Language 54, 590-609.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1980) 'Maintenance and loss of same-meaning structures in language death', Word 31, 39-45.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1981) Language death: The life cycle of a Scottish Gaelic dialect, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1982) 'Linguistic models and language death evidence', in L. Obler & L. Menn (eds.), Exceptional language and linguistics, New York: Academic Press, 31-48.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1982) 'Language loss and maintenance in language contact situations', in R.D. Lambert & B.F. Freed (eds.), The loss of language skills, 44-59.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1986a) 'Abrupt transmission failure in obsolescing languages: How sudden the 'tip' to the dominant language in communities and families?', in Nikiforidou, V. et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Meeting, Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society, 72-83.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1986b) 'Making do with less: Some surprises along the language death proficiency continuum', Applied Psycholinguistics 7, 257-276.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1993) 'A response to Ladefoged’s other view of endangered languages', Language 69/3, 574-579.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1995) 'Small languages and small language communities', IJSL 114, 129-137.

Dixon, R.M.W. (1989) The original languages of Australia. Vox 3, 26_33.

Dixon, R.M.W. (1997) The rise and fall of languages, Cambridge University Press.

Dixon, R.M. (1991) 'A changing language situation: The decline of Dyirbal, 1963-1989', Language in Society 20, 183-200.

Diamond, Jared (1993) Speaking with a single tongue. Discover (February)78_85.

Denison, Norman & J. Tragut (1990) 'Language death and language maintenance', Sociolinguistica 4, 150-156.

Denison, N. (1977) 'Language Death or Language Suicide?', IJSL 12, 13-22.

DeChicchis, John () The current state of the Ainu language. In Maher and Yashiro (eds.) Multilingual Japan, (pp. 103_124).

Day, Richard R. (1985) 'The ultimate inequality: Linguistic genocide', in Nessa Wolfson & J. Manes (eds.), The language of inequality, Amsterdam: Mouton, 163-181.

Custred, Glynn (1992) 'Language spread and language shift in the Central Andes under Spanish colonial rule', in P.H. Nelde (ed.), It’s easy to mingle when you are bilingual: Bilingualism and contact linguistics, Plurilingua XIII, Bonn: Dümmler, 15-21.

Cook, E.D. (1989) 'Is phonology going haywire in dying languages? Phonological variation in Chipewyan and Sarcee', Language in Society 18/2, 235-255.

Conrad, R. (1967) 'Interference or decay over short retention intervals?', JVLVB 6, 49-54.

Clyne, Michael G. (1967) Transference and triggering, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff (Based on the author's PhD thesis (1965), Some observations on the language assimilation of German-speaking postwar migrants in Australia, Melbourne: Monash University).

Clyne, Michael G. (1968) 'Decay, preservation and renewal: Notes on some Southern Australian German settlements', AUMLA 29, 33-43.

Clyne, Michael G. (1984) 'The decade past, the decade to come: Some thoughts on language-contact research', IJSL 45, 9-20.

Clyne, Michael G. (1988, August-September) 'Linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects of language contact, maintenance and loss: towards a multifacet theory', Plenary lecture presented at the International Conference on the Maintenance and Loss of Ethnic Minority Languages, Noordwijkerhout (in W. Fase et al. (eds.) (1992), Maintenance and loss of minority languages, 17-36).

Clyne, Michael G. (1991) Community languages: the Australian experience. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Clyne, Michael & Stephanie Jaehrling (1989) 'Trends and factors in language shift in Australia', VOX 3, 63-71.

Campbell, L. & M.C. Muntzel (1989) 'The structural consequences of language death', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 181-196.

Calvet, Louis-Jean (1974) Linguistique et colonialisme: petit traité de glottophagie, Paris: petite bibliothèque payot (German translation: (1978) Die Sprachenfresser: Ein Versuch über Linguistik und Kolonialismus, Berlin: Das Arsenal).

Brenzinger, M.& G.J. Dimmensdall (1992) 'Social contexts of language death', in M. Brenzinger (ed.), Language death: Factual and theoretical explorations with special reference to East Africa, Berlin - New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1-5.

Brent-Palmer, Cora (1979) 'A sociolinguistic assessment of the notion of "Im/migrant semilingualism" from a social conflict perspective', Working Papers in Bilingualism 18, 135-180.

Bolonyai, Agnes (1998) In-between languages: Language shift/maintenance in childhood bilingualism. International Journal of Bilingualism 2:21-43.

Bolonyai, Agnes (1999) The hidden dimensions of language contact: The case of Hungarian-English bilingual children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Bolonyai, Agnes (2000) "Elective affinities": Language contact in the abstract lexicon and its structural consequences. International Journal of Bilingualism, Vol.1, Number 1, 81-106.

Boeschoten, Hendrik E. & Ludo Th. Verhoeven (1985) 'Integration niederländischer lexikalischer Elemente ins Türkische: Sprachmischung bei Immigranten der ersten und zweiten Generation', in Linguistische Berichte 98, 347-364.

Bills, Garland (ed.) (1997) Southwest Journal of Linguistics, Special Issue on Language Loss and Public Policy, I. 14(1-2).

Appel, René & Pieter Muysken (1987) 'Language loss', in R. Appel & P. Muysken, Language contact and bilingualism, London: Edward Arnold, 42-45.

Andreoni, Helen (1985) 'Languages in multicultural Australia: Co-operate or perish', Conference Papers. Fifth Biennial Conference of the Australian Federation of Modern Languages Teachers' Association, September 1984, 152-163.

Allard, Réal & Rodrigue Landry (1992) 'Ethnolinguistic vitality beliefs and language maintenance and loss', in W. Fase et al. (eds.), Maintenance and loss of minority languages, 171-195.


Beasley, D. & G. Davis (1981) Aging, communication processes and disorders, New York: Grune & Stratton.

Caporael, L. & G. Culbertson (1986) 'Verbal response modes of baby talk and other speech at institutions for the aged', Language & Communication 6, 1/2, 99-112.

Clyne, Michael G. (1981) 'Second language attrition and first language reversion among elderly bilinguals in Australia', in M. Meid & K. Heller (eds.), Sprachkontakt als Ursache von Veränderungen der Sprach- und Bewutseinsstruktur, Innsbruck: Institut fhür Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Innsbruck, 25-32.

De Bot, Kees & Toke Lintsen (1986) 'Foreign-language proficiency in the elderly', in B. Weltens et al. (eds.), Language attrition in progress, 131-142.

De Bot, Kees & Toke Lintsen (1989) 'Perception of own language proficiency by elderly adults', ITL Review of Applied Linguistics 83-84, 51-61.

De Bot, Kees & Toke Lintsen () 'Decline of language skills with age', Applied Psycholinguistics.

De Kruyf, E. (1993) Ageing in a multicultural society: The situation of Netherlands born women, MA thesis, Brisbane: Griffith University.

Emery, O.B. (1986) 'Linguistic decrement in normal aging', Language & Communication 6, 1/2, 47-64.

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