Language Attrition Research Archive


Publications already listed under "Language Death" until 1979 in 'Appendix B. Bibliography: Language Skill Attrition Project' by S.G. Williamson (1982:230-231), in R.D. Lambert & B.F. Freed (eds.), The Loss of Language Skills, are not included. For "A partially annotated bibliography of language death" until December 1980, see R.L. Weber (1986:5-24) in Volume 34 of Notes on Linguistics. Except where entries differ, publications listed in Weber's bibliography are not repeated below.

Order by: Year descending Year ascending Name ascending Name descending

Sridhar, Kamal & S.N. Sridhar (2000, September) Patterns of acquisition and attrition in a transplanted language: The case of Thanjavur Marathi in India. In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium to be conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Stoessel, Saskia (2000, September) Multilingual social networks: A sociolinguistic perspective on first language attrition in immigrants. In Dorit Kaufman (Chair). Language attrition: Crosslinguistic interplay and sociolinguistic perspectives. Symposium to be conducted at the Second Language Research Forum, Madison, Wisconsin.

Dutkova-Cope, Lida (2000) Texas Czech and ethnic identity. Pragmatics 10.1.

Pelc, Linda A. (2000) Morphological & lexical attrition of Greek in Greek-English bilinguals. Paper presented at the American Association of Applied Linguistics Conference, Vancouver.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (2000) At home in English: Assimilation and Adaptation of Asian Indians in the US. In S.L Mckay and Sau-Ling C. Wong, New Immigrants in the US. Cambridge University Press, 369-392.

Bolonyai, Agnes (2000) "Elective affinities": Language contact in the abstract lexicon and its structural consequences. International Journal of Bilingualism, Vol.1, Number 1, 81-106.

Dutkova, Lida (1999b) Texas Czech on Texas Czechs: An ethnolinguistic perspective on language use in a dying language community. In Alexander Levitsky and Masako Ueda Brown (eds.). Slavic contributions XI: Modern Czech studies (pp. 2-10). Providence, RI: The Department of Slavic Languages, Brown University.

Dutkova, Lida (1999a) Who are Texas Czechs? Language and identity of Czech Texans today. In Michal Brody, Grit Liebscher, and Holly Ogren (eds.), SALSA IV: Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Symposium about Language and Society-Austin (pp.53-63). Austin, TX: The Department of Linguistics, University of Texas.

Huss, L. (1999) Reversing language shift in the Far North: Linguistic revitalization in northern Scandinavia and Finland. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis: Studia Uralica Upsaliensia, 31.

Hyltenstam, Kenneth (ed.) (1999) Sveriges sju inhemska språk--ett minoritetsspråksperspektiv. Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Schmid, Monika S. (1999) Linguistic identities of German Jews in anglophone countries. La langue maternelle,Cahiers Charles V 27: 111-125.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1999) A linguistic anthropology of praxis and language shift: Arvantika (Albanian) and Greek in contact. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) (1999) The death of language: Linguicide, London: WACC.

Bolonyai, Agnes (1999) The hidden dimensions of language contact: The case of Hungarian-English bilingual children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Grenoble, Lenore A. & Lindsay J. Whaley (1998) Endangered languages: Current issues and future prospects, Cambridge University Press.

Stoessel, Saskia (1998) The investigation of social networks as a factor in language maintenance and shift. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Boston University.

Stoessel, Saskia (1998) 'Different data components in the study of social networks with the special focus on language maintenance and shift: Evidence and discussion.' Paper presented at the Workshop on social networks and language maintenance and shift in Veldhoven, the Netherlands.

Stoessel, Saskia (1998) 'The influence of social networks on language-maintenance attitudes.' Talk presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics in Seattle, WA.

Waas, Margit (1998) 'Taking note of language extinctinon', TESOL - Applied Linguistics Forum 18/2, 1&4-5 (also on )

World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) (1998) 'Language at risk', Media Development Issue 3, 58-60.

Bolonyai, Agnes (1998) In-between languages: Language shift/maintenance in childhood bilingualism. International Journal of Bilingualism 2:21-43.

Dutkova, Lida (1998) Texas Czech: An ethnolinguistic study. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona at Tucson.

Katsoyannou, Marianne (1997, July) 'Language shift and grammatical reduction in an endangered language: The terminal speakers of Greko (Italy)', XVIth International Congress of Linguists, Paris: Palais des Congrès.

Mehrotra, Raja Ram (1997, July) 'Endangered languages in South East Asia', Round table discussion, XVIth International Congress of Linguists, Paris: Palais des Congrès.

Simeone-Senelle, Marie-Claude (1997, July) 'Les langues sudarabiques modernes, des langues sémitiques menacées?', XVIth International Congress of Linguists, Paris: Palais des Congrès.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (1997) Languages of India in NY. In O. Garcia and J.A. Fishman (Eds.), TheMultilingual Apple: Languages in NY City. Berlin: Mouton, 257-280.

Stoessel, Saskia (1997) 'Mother tongue maintenance among isolated immigrants in the US. Talk presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics in Orlando, FL.

Bills, Garland (ed.) (1997) Southwest Journal of Linguistics, Special Issue on Language Loss and Public Policy, I. 14(1-2).

Dixon, R.M.W. (1997) The rise and fall of languages, Cambridge University Press.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1996) 'Language death', in R. Singh (ed.), Towards a critical sociolinguistics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 195-210.

Hamel, R.E. (1995, June) 'Language, discourse, and cultural models: Three levels of language shift and maintenance', Symposium "Language Loss and Public Policy", Albuquerque: Linguistic Institute, University of New Mexico.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1995) 'Small languages and small language communities', IJSL 114, 129-137.

Leets, L. & Howard Giles (1995) 'Dimensions of minority language survival/non-survival: Intergroup cognitions and communication climates', in W. Fase, K. Jaspaert & S. Kroon (eds.), The state of minority languages: International perspectives on survival and decline, Lisse: Sweets & Zeitlenger, 37-73

Matsumori, A. (1995) Ryukyuan: Past, Present and Future. In Maher and Yashiro (eds.) Multilingual Japan, 19-44.

Polinsky, M. (1995) 'The grammar of language loss: cross-linguistic parallels', Symposium "Language Loss and Public Policy", Albuquerque: Linguistic Institute, University of New Mexico.

Savic, J.M. (1995) 'Structural convergence and language change: Evidence from Serbian/English code-switching', Languages in Society 24/4, 475-493.

Zentella, A.C. (1995) 'Towards an anthropolitical linguistic perspective on language shift and Spanish attrition among U.S. Latinos', Symposium "Language Loss and Public Policy", Albuquerque: Linguistic Institute, University of New Mexico.

Hyltenstam, Kenneth. & Åke Viberg (1994) Progression and regression in language: sociocultural,neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Maher, John (1994) Shigo to iu Shinwa: Ainugo no Renaissance (The myth of language death: the Ainu Language Renaissance). Atarashii Nihonkan, Sekaikan ni mukatte: Nihon ni okeru Gengo to Bunka no Tayosei.

Maher, John (1994) ‘Kankyo Gengogaku’ (Towards an Environmental Linguistics). Atarashii Nihonkan, Sekaikan ni mukatte: Nihon ni okeru Gengo to Bunka no Tayosei.

Maher, John (1994) (with K. Kawanishi) ‘Nihon no Zainichi Korean no Gengo Iji’ (Maintaining the Korean Language in Japan). Atarashii Nihonkan, Sekaikan ni mukatte: Nihon ni okeru Gengo to Bunka no Tayosei.

Wheeler, D. L. (1994) The death of languages. The Chronicle of Higher Education. April 20, A8, A9, A16.

Drapeau, L. (1993, August) 'Language contraction without language shift', AILA - 10th World Congress of Applied Linguistics, Amsterdam (in Conference Abstracts, 355).

Dorian, Nancy C. (1993) 'A response to Ladefoged’s other view of endangered languages', Language 69/3, 574-579.

Hill, Jane H. (1993) Structure and practice in language shift. In Hyltenstam, K. & A. Viberg (eds.) Progression and regression in language: sociocultural, neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Holmes, Janet et al. (1993) 'Language maintenance and shift in three New Zealand speech communities', Applied Linguistics 14/1.

Jancak, P. (1993) 'Survival of the Czech dialect in communities abroad: A comparison of Czech in Strelin and Daruvar', in E. Eckert (ed.), Varieties of Czech, 262-275.

Maher, John (1993) Korean Language Maintenance: An Osaka Study. Pan_Asiatic Linguistics Vol. III, pp. 1440_1450.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (1993) Meaning, Means, Maintenance. In J. E. Alatis (Ed.) Language,Communication, and Social Meaning. Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 56-65.

Diamond, Jared (1993) Speaking with a single tongue. Discover (February)78_85.

Allard, Réal & Rodrigue Landry (1992) 'Ethnolinguistic vitality beliefs and language maintenance and loss', in W. Fase et al. (eds.), Maintenance and loss of minority languages, 171-195.

Edwards, John R. (1992) 'Sociopolitical aspects of language maintenance and loss: towards a typology of minority language situation', in W. Fase et al. (eds.), Maintenance and loss of minority languages, 37-54.

Hale, Kenneth et al. (1992) 'Endangered languages', Language 68/1, 1-42.

Kraus, M. (1992) 'The world’s language in crisis', Language 68/1, 4-13.

Kulick, D. (1992) Language shift and cultural reproduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pye, Clifton (1992) 'Language loss among the Chilcotin', IJSL 93, 75-86 ["Loss" in this article is compared to "L death" and deals with lack of L1 acquisition].

Sasse, H.J. (1992) 'Theory of language death', in M. Brenzinger (ed.), Language death, 7-30.

Sasse, H.J. (1992) 'Language decay and contact-induced change: similarities and differences', in M. Brenzinger (ed.), Language death, 59-80.

Saville-Troike, M. (1992) 'Cultural maintenance and "vanishing" languages', in C. Kramsch & S. McConnell-Ginet (eds.), Text and context: Cross-disciplinary perspectives on language study, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath & Co.

Smith, C.S. (1992) The demise of Czech in two Texas communities, PhD thesis, University of Texas at Austin.

Brenzinger, M.& G.J. Dimmensdall (1992) 'Social contexts of language death', in M. Brenzinger (ed.), Language death: Factual and theoretical explorations with special reference to East Africa, Berlin - New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1-5.

Custred, Glynn (1992) 'Language spread and language shift in the Central Andes under Spanish colonial rule', in P.H. Nelde (ed.), It’s easy to mingle when you are bilingual: Bilingualism and contact linguistics, Plurilingua XIII, Bonn: Dümmler, 15-21.

Linden, E. (1991, September 23) 'Lost tribes, lost knowledge', Time (Australia) 38, 56-66.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1991) 'The sociolinguistic and patholinguistic attrition of Breton phonology, morphology, and morphonology', in H.W. Seliger & R.M. Vago (eds.), First language attrition, 99-112.

Huffines, Marien L. (1991) Pennsylvania German: convergence and change as strategies of discourse. In Seliger and Vago. (pp. 125_138).

Kinkade, M.D. (1991) The decline of native languages in Canada. Endangered languages. In R.H. Robins and E.M. Uhlenbeck (eds.).

Lovejoy, Frances H. (ed.) (1991) Studies in language loss: Theoretical, intragenerational, pathological, Sydney: Holborn Press.

Pentikäinen, Juha (1991) 'Finno-Ugric Minorities in Siberia: Extinction or Survival?', Language Problems and Language Planning 15/3, 297-299.

Robins, R.H. & E.M. Uhlenbeck (eds.) (1991) Endangered languages. Oxford and New York: Berg.

Schmidt, Annette (1991) 'Language attrition in Boumaa Fijian and Dyirbal', in H.W. Seliger & R.M. Vago (eds.), First language attrition, 111-124.

Clyne, Michael G. (1991) Community languages: the Australian experience. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Dixon, R.M. (1991) 'A changing language situation: The decline of Dyirbal, 1963-1989', Language in Society 20, 183-200.

Drapeau, L. (1990, June) 'Language change and language decay in endangered languages', Sixth Nordic Conference on Bilingualism, Vasa, Finland.

Waas, Margit (1990, April) 'Theoretical aspects of language attrition, loss and shift', Institute of Language and Literature, Academy of Sciences, Tallinn, USSR.

Hagen, Anton M. & Kees de Bot (1990) 'Structural loss and levelling in minority languages and dialects', in Sociolinguistica 4, 136-149.

Mithun, M. (1990) 'Language obsolescence and grammatical description', International Journal of American Linguistics 56/1, 114-120.

Pons, C.R. (1990) Language death among Waldesians of Valdese, PhD thesis, Bloomington: University of Indiana.

Weber, G. (1990) 'Language death - the end: Scattered thoughts on the decline and fall of languages', Language International 2/5, 5-13.

Denison, Norman & J. Tragut (1990) 'Language death and language maintenance', Sociolinguistica 4, 150-156.

Dorian, Nancy C. (ed.) (1989) Investigating obsolescence: Studies in language contraction and death, Cambridge: CUP.

Huffines, Marien L. (1989) 'Convergence and language death: The case of Pennsylvania German', Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 64, 17-23.

Menn, Lise (1989) 'Some people who don’t talk right: Universal and particular in child language, aphasia, and language obsolescence', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 335-346.

Mougeon, R. & E. Beniak (1989) 'Language contraction and linguistic change: the case of Welland French', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 287-312.

Romaine, Suzanne (1989) 'Language maintenance, shift and death', in S. Romaine, Bilingualism, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 38-50.

Woolard, K.A. (1989) 'Language convergence and language death as social processes', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 355-367.

Campbell, L. & M.C. Muntzel (1989) 'The structural consequences of language death', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 181-196.

Clyne, Michael & Stephanie Jaehrling (1989) 'Trends and factors in language shift in Australia', VOX 3, 63-71.

Cook, E.D. (1989) 'Is phonology going haywire in dying languages? Phonological variation in Chipewyan and Sarcee', Language in Society 18/2, 235-255.

Dixon, R.M.W. (1989) The original languages of Australia. Vox 3, 26_33.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1988b) 'Spracherhaltung - Sprachverfall - Sprachtod', in U. Ammon et al. (eds.), Sociolinguistics: an international handbook of the science of language and society, Vol.2, Berlin: de Gruyter, 1551-1563.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1988a) 'Language death', in F. Newmeyer (ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey IV, Cambridge: CUP, 184-192.

Clyne, Michael G. (1988, August-September) 'Linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects of language contact, maintenance and loss: towards a multifacet theory', Plenary lecture presented at the International Conference on the Maintenance and Loss of Ethnic Minority Languages, Noordwijkerhout (in W. Fase et al. (eds.) (1992), Maintenance and loss of minority languages, 17-36).

Moore, R.E. (1988) 'Lexicalization versus lexical loss in Wasco-Wishram language obsolescence', International Journal of American Linguistics 54/4, 453-468.

Sridhar, Kamal K. (1988) Language maintenance and langauge shift among Asian Indians: Kannadigas in the NY area. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 69: 73-87.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1987) 'La mort de les llengües', Límits 3, 87-101.

Fesl, Eve D. (1987) 'Language death among Australian languages', ARAL 10/2, 12-22.

Hooley, B. A. (1987) Death or life: the prognosis for central Buang. In D. C. Laycock & W. Winter (eds.). A world of languages: papers presented to Professor S. A Wurm on his 65th birthday. Pacific Linguistics, Series C_100 (pp. 275_85). Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Schmidt, Annette (1987) Language in a Fijian village: An ethnolinguistic study, PhD thesis, Canberra: Australian National University.

Appel, René & Pieter Muysken (1987) 'Language loss', in R. Appel & P. Muysken, Language contact and bilingualism, London: Edward Arnold, 42-45.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1986b) 'Making do with less: Some surprises along the language death proficiency continuum', Applied Psycholinguistics 7, 257-276.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1986a) 'Abrupt transmission failure in obsolescing languages: How sudden the 'tip' to the dominant language in communities and families?', in Nikiforidou, V. et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Meeting, Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society, 72-83.

Foley, W.A. (1986) The Papuan languages of New Guinea. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Glück, Helmut (1986) 'Die Speisekarte der Sprachenfresser', Germanistische Mitteilungen 23, 3-25.

Martin-Jones, Marilyn & Suzanne Romaine (1986) 'Semilingualism: a half-baked theory of communicative competence', Applied Linguistics 7/1, 26-38.

Mohan, Peggy R. & Paul Zador (1986) 'Discontinuity in a life cycle: The death of Trinidad Bhojpuri', Language 62/2, 291-319.

Pauwels, Anne (1986) Immigrant dialects and language maintenance in Australia. Dordrecht: Foris.

Schmidt, Annette (1985b) 'The fate of ergativity in dying Dyirbal', Language 61/2, 378-396.

Schmidt, Annette (1985a) Young people's Dyirbal: An example of language death from Australia, Cambridge: CUP.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1985) The rise and fall of the ethnic revival. Berlin: Mouton Publishers

Fishman, Joshua A. (1985) 'The lively life of a "dead" language (or "everyone knows that Yiddish died long ago")', in N. Wolfson & J. Manes (eds.), The language of inequality, Amsterdam: Mouton, 207-223.

Hill, Jane H. (1985) 'The social functions of relativization in obsolescent and non-obsolescent languages', in N.C. Dorian (ed.), Investigating obsolescence, 369-383.

Andreoni, Helen (1985) 'Languages in multicultural Australia: Co-operate or perish', Conference Papers. Fifth Biennial Conference of the Australian Federation of Modern Languages Teachers' Association, September 1984, 152-163.

Boeschoten, Hendrik E. & Ludo Th. Verhoeven (1985) 'Integration niederländischer lexikalischer Elemente ins Türkische: Sprachmischung bei Immigranten der ersten und zweiten Generation', in Linguistische Berichte 98, 347-364.

Day, Richard R. (1985) 'The ultimate inequality: Linguistic genocide', in Nessa Wolfson & J. Manes (eds.), The language of inequality, Amsterdam: Mouton, 163-181.

Kloss, Heinz (1984) 'Umriß eines Forschungsprogrammes zum Thema "Sprachentod"', IJSL 45, 65-76.

Larsen, N.-E. (1984) 'Statistical investigations of language death in a North Frisian community', in P.S. Ureland & I. Clarkson (eds.), Scandinavian language contacts, Cambridge: CUP.

Mohan, Peggy R. (1984) 'Two faces of a language death', India International Centre Quarterly 11/2, 133-144.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1984) 'Functional restriction and grammatical reduction in Albanian language in Greece', Zeitschrift für Balkanologie 20, 122-131.

Clyne, Michael G. (1984) 'The decade past, the decade to come: Some thoughts on language-contact research', IJSL 45, 9-20.

Edelsky, Carole, S. Hudelson, B. Flores, F. Barkin, B. Altwerger & K. Jilbert (1983) 'Semilingualism and language deficit', Applied Linguistics 4/1, 1-22.

Gambhir, Surendra K. (1983) 'Diglossia in dying languages: A case study of Guyanese Bhojpuri and Standard Hindi', Anthropological Linguistics 25, 25-28.

Giacalone Ramat, Anna (1983) 'Language shift and language death. A review of Nancy C. Dorian, "Language Death" and Susan Gal, "Language Shift"', Folia Linguistica XVII, 495-507.

Hill, Jane H. (1983) 'Language death in Uto-Aztecan', IJSL 49, 258-276.

Hock, Hans H. (1983) 'Language-death phenomena in Sanskrit: Grammatical evidence for attrition in contemporary spoken Sanskrit', Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 13/2, 21-35.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1983) 'Narrative performance in a dying language. Evidence from Albanian in Greece', Word 34, 25-36.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1982b) 'A review of Nancy C. Dorian, "Language Death"', Language 58/2, 432-425.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1982a) 'Acceleration, retardation, and reversal in language decay?', in R.L. Cooper (ed.), Language spread: Studies in diffusion and social change, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 321-336.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1982) 'Linguistic models and language death evidence', in L. Obler & L. Menn (eds.), Exceptional language and linguistics, New York: Academic Press, 31-48.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1982) 'Language loss and maintenance in language contact situations', in R.D. Lambert & B.F. Freed (eds.), The loss of language skills, 44-59.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1981) Language death: The life cycle of a Scottish Gaelic dialect, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1981) 'Language shift and language death - A protean challenge for the linguist', Folia Linguistica XV/1-2, 5-28.

Greene, David (1981) 'The Atlantic group: Neo-Celtic and Faroese', in E. Haugen et al. (eds.), Minority languages today: A selection from the papers read at the first international conference on minority languages held at Glasgow University from 8-13 September 1980, Edinburgh: EUP, 1-9.

Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove (1981) 'Double semilingualism - does it exist?', in T. Skutnabb-Kangas, Bilingualism or not: The education of minorities, Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 248-263.

Tsitsipis, Lukas D. (1981) Language change and language death in Albanian speech communities in Greece: a sociolinguistic study, PhD thesis, Madison: University of Wisconsin (in Dissertation Abstracts International, 42/12: 5176-A).

Dorian, Nancy C. (1980) 'Maintenance and loss of same-meaning structures in language death', Word 31, 39-45.

Gal, Susan (1979) Language shift: social determinants of linguistic change in bilingual Australia. New York: Academic Press.

Knab, T. & L. Hasson de Knab (1979) 'Language death in the valley of Puebla: A socio-geographic approach', Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistic Society 5, 471-483.

Mackey, William F. & Donald G. Cartwright (1979) 'Geocoding language loss from census data', in W.F. Mackey & J. Ornstein (eds.), Sociolinguistic studies in language contact: Methods and cases, The Hague: Mouton. 69-96.

Brent-Palmer, Cora (1979) 'A sociolinguistic assessment of the notion of "Im/migrant semilingualism" from a social conflict perspective', Working Papers in Bilingualism 18, 135-180.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1978) 'The fate of morphological complexity in language death: Evidence from East Sunderland Gaelic', Language 54, 590-609.

Hill, Jane H. (1978) 'Language death, language contact and language evolution', in W.C. McCormack & S.A. Wurm (eds.), Approaches to language: Anthropological Issues, The Hague: Mouton, 45-78.

Rankin, Robert L. (1978) 'The unmarking of Quapaw phonology: A study of language death', Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics 3, 45-52.

Stanley, S. & R.K. Thomas (1978) 'Current demographic and social trends among North American Indians', Annals of the American Political and Social Science 436, 111-120.

Dressler, Wolfgang & Ruth Wodak-Leodolter (1977b) 'Language preservation and language death in Brittany', Linguistics 191, 33-44.

Dressler, Wolfgang & Ruth Wodak-Leodolter (1977a) 'Language death', IJSL 12, Special issue on language death.

Dorian, Nancy C. (1977) 'The problem of the semi-speaker in language death', IJSL 12, 23-32.

Fischer, G. (1977) 'Bemerkungen zum "Sprachtod"', Sprache und Herrschaft 1, 7-26.

Hill, J. & Hill, K. (1977) 'Language death and relexification in Tlaxcalan Nahuatl', IJSL 12, 55-69.

Voegelin, Carl F. & F.M. Voegelin (1977) 'Is Tübatulabal de-acquisition relevant to theories of language acquisition?', IJSL 43, 333-338.

Denison, N. (1977) 'Language Death or Language Suicide?', IJSL 12, 13-22.

Saltarelli, Mario (1975) 'Emigrant languages in America: Acquisition, development, and death', Studies in Language Learning 1, 186-188.

Calvet, Louis-Jean (1974) Linguistique et colonialisme: petit traité de glottophagie, Paris: petite bibliothèque payot (German translation: (1978) Die Sprachenfresser: Ein Versuch über Linguistik und Kolonialismus, Berlin: Das Arsenal).

Dorian, Nancy C. (1973) 'Grammatical change in a dying dialect', Language 49/2, 413-438.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. (1972) 'On the phonology of language death', Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society 8, 448-457.

Miller, Wick R. (1971) 'The death of a language or serendipity among the Shoshoni', Anthropological Linguistics 13/3, 114-120.

Schule, R. (1969, September) 'Comment meurt un patois', Colloque de dialectologie franco-provençale, IX Neuchâtel, Génève, 23-27.

Loewen, Jacob A. (1968) 'Why minority languages persist or die', Practical Anthropology 15, 8-15.

Clyne, Michael G. (1968) 'Decay, preservation and renewal: Notes on some Southern Australian German settlements', AUMLA 29, 33-43.

Clyne, Michael G. (1967) Transference and triggering, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff (Based on the author's PhD thesis (1965), Some observations on the language assimilation of German-speaking postwar migrants in Australia, Melbourne: Monash University).

Conrad, R. (1967) 'Interference or decay over short retention intervals?', JVLVB 6, 49-54.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1966) Language loyalty in the United States. The Hague: Mouton.

Kloss, H. (1966) German_American language maintenance efforts. In J. Fishman et al. Language loyalty in the United States (pp. 206_52). The Hague: Mouton.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1964) Language maintenance and language shift as a field of inquiry: a definitionof the field and suggestions for its further development. Linguistics 9, 32_70.

Haugen, Einar (1938/reprinted 1972) 'Language and immigration', in A.S. Dil (ed.) (1972), The ecology of language: Essays by Einar Haugen, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1-36.

Polinsky, M. () 'Russian in the US: An endangered language', in E. Golovko (ed.), Russian in contact with other languages, Oxford: OUP.

Schmid, Monika S. () Language use and language loss of German-Jewish refugees. In Tom Ammerlaan, Madeleine Hulsen, Heleen Strating Keurentjes & Kutlay Yagmur (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Maintenance and Loss of Minority Languages (working title).

DeChicchis, John () The current state of the Ainu language. In Maher and Yashiro (eds.) Multilingual Japan, (pp. 103_124).


Beasley, D. & G. Davis (1981) Aging, communication processes and disorders, New York: Grune & Stratton.

Caporael, L. & G. Culbertson (1986) 'Verbal response modes of baby talk and other speech at institutions for the aged', Language & Communication 6, 1/2, 99-112.

Clyne, Michael G. (1981) 'Second language attrition and first language reversion among elderly bilinguals in Australia', in M. Meid & K. Heller (eds.), Sprachkontakt als Ursache von Veränderungen der Sprach- und Bewutseinsstruktur, Innsbruck: Institut fhür Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Innsbruck, 25-32.

De Bot, Kees & Toke Lintsen (1986) 'Foreign-language proficiency in the elderly', in B. Weltens et al. (eds.), Language attrition in progress, 131-142.

De Bot, Kees & Toke Lintsen (1989) 'Perception of own language proficiency by elderly adults', ITL Review of Applied Linguistics 83-84, 51-61.

De Bot, Kees & Toke Lintsen () 'Decline of language skills with age', Applied Psycholinguistics.

De Kruyf, E. (1993) Ageing in a multicultural society: The situation of Netherlands born women, MA thesis, Brisbane: Griffith University.

Emery, O.B. (1986) 'Linguistic decrement in normal aging', Language & Communication 6, 1/2, 47-64.

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